In recent years an upward trend has emerged within the world of renovations and decoration towards floor coating with epoxy resin. This proliferation arises from the great number of benefits it brings to industry professionals, making this product, along with microcement, one of the most demanded decorative coatings lately.
A phenomenon that surprises no one since the results speak for themselves. This material guarantees quality in all its versions, granting us finishes of distinguished aesthetics, great resistance, and in record time.
Its versatility has promoted the use of epoxy resin floors in different circumstances, both exterior and interior, leading to results worthy of the highest decoration. Its wide variety of finishes and colors makes this a unique material capable of providing each decorative project with a unique and exclusive finish.
Surprising, isn't it? Well, this is just the beginning, keep reading to discover more about one of the most fascinating materials in decoration.
Allow us to introduce one of the star decorative materials of the moment, epoxy resin, a self-leveling coating composed of a thermosetting polymer which undergoes a hardening process when combined with a catalyst. The material from which this product is formed, gives it great chemical and mechanical resistances, as well as a beautiful shine and great durability.
Due to its reduced thickness, it provides us with smooth and smooth results, placing itself as a thin layer directly on the already existing support. An easy-to-apply coating, but recommendable to be carried out by a professional, who knows the product in detail and knows how to bring out all its benefits.
Among its countless benefits, its impressive versatility stands out. It is a material applicable on a large number of materials such as: marble, tiles, concrete, aluminium, terrazzo... And it offers us an infinity of decorative finishes. This is due to its high personalisation, which allows us to shape it with any type of desired design.
The popularity of a material does not come to it randomly, if it has been recognised as one of the most useful coatings is because it deserves it. However, this does not mean that its use does not have certain disadvantages. Below, we show you both its most relevant advantages and certain not so fortunate aspects that you should know about:
The ease of installation is one of the main advantages of epoxy resin flooring. Being a coating that is applied directly on the already existing material, it is not necessary to carry out large-scale works that generate debris and waste. This not only makes it more practical, but also reduces the time and cost of the renovation. Additionally, by not having to remove the old support, the environmental impact is reduced and waste generation is minimized.
The absence of joints in epoxy resin surfaces not only provides a superior aesthetic, but also has advantages in terms of hygiene and cleaning. By not having grooves or cracks, it prevents the accumulation of dust, dirt and microorganisms that can proliferate in these areas. This makes epoxy resin floors an ideal option for spaces that require high levels of cleanliness, such as hospitals, laboratories or kitchens.
Epoxy resin is a highly resistant material that offers great durability and protection to the surfaces where it is applied. Its high resistance to moisture, abrasion, corrosion and wear and tear from traffic makes it an ideal option for high traffic areas such as shops, airports or public spaces. In addition, its resistance to high temperatures makes it an ideal coating for industrial spaces.
Another advantage of epoxy resin flooring is its fast drying time, which allows for traffic on it in just 24 hours. This is possible thanks to the quick polymerization of the resin, which occurs in about 8 hours. This time can vary depending on environmental conditions, moisture and the temperature of the surface where it is applied. However, it is a much faster drying time than other conventional coatings, which allows to reduce the time of the reform and to use the space as soon as possible.
The removal of any previous defect prior to the installation of the epoxy resin is essential to ensure proper adhesion and a resistant and durable finish. One of the main problems that can arise is the presence of moisture in the old support, which can generate difficulties in the union with the new coating. That is why it is important to ensure that the support is completely dry and free of dust and dirt before the application of the epoxy resin.
The correct choice of primer is essential to ensure the proper adhesion of the epoxy resin floor to the surface. The appropriate primer will depend on the type of support on which the epoxy resin is going to be applied. For example, for cement surfaces, an epoxy primer that contains high-quality pigments is recommended to increase its adhesion and durability.
It is important that the professional in charge of the installation of epoxy resin has solid knowledge about the different types of primers and knows how to choose the one that best suits the needs of the project. If the right primer isn't used, there may be problems such as poor adhesion of the material to the surface, which could lead to a quick degradation of the floor and, therefore, the need for a new installation.
Although epoxy resin is a highly resistant material, one of its main disadvantages is that it is very sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) rays. Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can cause a deterioration in the appearance of the floor, causing a yellowing effect on the epoxy resin. This not only affects the aesthetics of the floor, but also its durability.
To avoid this problem, it is essential to treat the epoxy resin floor with a polyurethane sealer resistant to UV rays. This sealer acts as a protective barrier that prevents sunlight from directly reaching the epoxy resin, protecting it from deterioration. In some cases, it may be necessary to apply two layers of sealer to ensure complete protection.
In conclusion, the epoxy resin floor is an excellent option for those who are looking for a durable, resistant and aesthetic solution for their floors. However, it is important to keep in mind certain aspects, such as the right surface preparation, the appropriate choice of primer, the rigorous mixing of the material, and protection against UV rays, in order to prevent problems during the installation and to guarantee greater durability of the floor.
It is advisable to hire a professional specialized in the installation of epoxy resin floors, as this ensures a job well done and of quality. In addition, the professional can advise on the choice of appropriate materials and help make decisions in order to achieve the best results. In any case, following the manufacturer's instructions and the installer's recommendations is key to achieving a satisfactory final result.
From epoxy resin, different variations emerge that offer us a wide variety of finishes. It is often erroneously referred to all these variants as epoxy resin floors, however, they should not be confused, as some of them are completely different products, but they originate or are combined with resin. Without further ado, we will show you these materials and their characteristics:
Epoxy resin floor characterized by having a thickness of an average of between 2 and 5 mm thick, which gives it excellent mechanical resistance. It is one of the most recognized installation systems since it offers the installer the opportunity to work with different thicknesses and finishes, which vary based on the amount of resin and silica aggregate used.
This pavement is made up of several layers of resin and aggregate projections and is known for presenting a rough appearance, which will vary depending on the granulometry, the final sanding and the quantity of sealer layer. A product that can be carried out in both monochrome and multicolor.
We present the most popular type of epoxy resin floor. Its function is mainly as pavement for industrial zones due to its excellent mechanical and chemical resistances. This single-color resin guarantees smooth, flat and shiny finishes, with two different thickness types of 1 and 2 mm.
Coatings with a thickness of 2 mm are dedicated to surfaces that present some sort of irregularity or where greater durability is sought.
If we are talking about quality, microcement could not be missed as one of the best options for floor coating.
Microcement presents certain similarities with epoxy resin, however, they are two very different materials. Experts recognize it as one of the best coatings of the moment, as it provides smooth finishes without joints and with unbeatable performances.
This is a material with great moisture resistance, almost waterproof, which guarantees safe anti-slip surfaces, with great durability due to its strong nature, applicable on all types of surfaces and with a wide variety of finishes.
With Concrete Pox, our line of epoxy microcement, you will find a product in which all the advantages of epoxy resin coexist with those of microcement. A coating with which success is guaranteed.
A type of epoxy resin floor that involves diluting the transparent epoxy self-leveling in a vinyl, obtaining a finish similar to the effect of a glass in which it encloses a fixed image within the floor and protected by the epoxy glass.
Epoxy resin is a material increasingly used in construction and interior decoration, particularly for floors, due to its resilience, durability and beauty. There are various types of epoxy resin floors, adapted to different uses and applications. Below, we present the most outstanding ones:
Epoxy resin floors are particularly interesting for use in garages and workshops, due to their numerous advantages. Firstly, it is a material very resistant to chemicals, making it ideal for these environments where corrosive substances are handled. In addition, its high resistance to abrasion can withstand the constant traffic of vehicles and heavy machinery without wearing easily.
Another advantage of epoxy resin floors in garages and workshops is their easy cleaning and maintenance, thanks to their smooth and non-porous surface, which prevents dirt and stains from accumulating on the surface. Also, being waterproof, it does not allow liquids to filter and penetrate into the material, making its cleaning even easier.
Regarding their aesthetics, epoxy resin floors allow a wide variety of choices, from shiny and dark finishes for a modern and industrial style, to non-slip textures to improve safety.
Epoxy resin floors are also widely used in hospitals and labs due to their unique features. Their high resistance to chemicals and their smooth and non-porous surface make it especially suitable for these environments where hygiene is a priority. In addition, their resistance to stains and microorganisms allows for thorough and constant cleaning, with no risk of contamination.
On the other hand, the option to add additives to make them non-slip, makes them a safer choice. Their resistance to abrasion and impact also makes them ideal for withstanding the constant traffic of carts and medical equipment.
Epoxy resin floors are an ideal choice for supermarkets and shops due to their resistance and durability. The surface of these places must withstand intense traffic, from people and goods, so resistance to abrasion is especially important.
In addition, their smooth and uniform surface provides an elegant and modern look, enhancing the image of the store. They are also stain-resistant, making it easier to clean up any potential spills that may happen.
The food industry is a sector that demands high standards of hygiene and safety. For this reason, epoxy resin floors are an excellent choice for these companies, as they are resistant, durable and easy to clean. Furthermore, these floors are waterproof, which means they do not absorb liquids or smells and prevent the proliferation of bacteria and microorganisms.
Epoxy resin floors are also an excellent option for other types of industries, such as pharmaceutical or chemical, as they are resistant to chemical products and acids. Moreover, their anti-slip surface reduces the risk of work accidents, making them a safe and reliable option.
In conclusion, epoxy resin floors are an excellent option for the industry, especially the food industry, as they meet the highest standards of hygiene and security, are resistant and durable, easy to clean and offer an anti-slip surface.
Epoxy resin floors are an excellent option for sports facilities due to their resistance and durability. In sports facilities, such as gyms or basketball courts, the floor is subject to high traffic and a considerable amount of impact, which causes it to wear out easily.
Epoxy resin is highly resistant to abrasion, making it ideal for these environments. Additionally, epoxy resin can be customized in terms of color and design, allowing it to adapt to the specific needs of the sports facility.
Another advantage of epoxy resin floors in sports facilities is their ability to provide an anti-slip surface. Anti-slip additives can be added to the epoxy resin to provide a safe and slip-resistant surface, reducing the risk of injuries.
Epoxy resin floors are a very interesting option for homes and residential spaces due to their versatility and aesthetic appeal. Epoxy resin can be customized in terms of color, texture, and finish, allowing a unique and coherent aesthetics to be created throughout the space. In addition, epoxy resin floors are very durable and resistant, making them perfect for homes with high traffic.
Another benefit of epoxy resin floors in homes is their ease of cleaning and maintenance. The surface is completely smooth and has no seams or pores, which prevents the accumulation of dirt and prevents the formation of harmful bacteria and microorganisms. In addition, the surface is waterproof and resistant to stains, making it ideal for homes with pets or small children.
One of the most impressive and attractive decorative finishes that epoxy resin offers us is when we apply it on woods for either decoration or repair. This original procedure allows us to obtain unique high-quality results. Here are some of the properties that applying epoxy resin on a wooden floor gives us:
If it's about varnishing, most epoxy resins will be very useful and will guarantee excellent results, on the contrary, in the case of encapsulation, it is recommended to do it with a resin that has low viscosity in order to obtain a clean and completely transparent result.
The application of epoxy resin flooring should be carried out by a professional, who knows the product he is working with in detail and knows how to act depending on the environment and the different variables that may occur in the procedure.
We will show what the installation process is like in general terms, in order to provide more information about the product, as well as the requirements that must be met in any case.
Before proceeding to the application of epoxy resin, it is necessary to adequately prepare the support where it is going to be applied. The support must be in perfect condition to ensure correct adherence of the resin and avoid future problems. Therefore, it must be checked that there are no cracks or irregularities, no presence of dust, grease, moisture or other elements that may prevent good adherence.
Furthermore, it is important that the support is completely dry before proceeding to the application of the resin. Once it is verified that the support is in optimal condition, its cleaning should be carried out using a 400-grain sandpaper to dull it, followed by a delicate cleaning with a degreaser.
Once the support is prepared, the components of the epoxy resin are mixed. It is important to follow the manufacturer's indications regarding mixing proportions, since a bad proportion can affect the quality and durability of the floor. Also, you should mix carefully and homogenize the components very well. It is advisable to use a clean container and a spatula for mixing.
After mixing, it is important to let the mixture rest for at least 10 minutes so that the components settle. Keep in mind that the maximum usage time of the mix is 45 minutes, since after that time, the resin will start to harden.
Once the mix is ready, the application of the epoxy resin is processed. For this, it is recommended to apply a layer about 3-4 mm thick with a roller. It is important to apply the resin in small quantities to avoid bubbles on the surface. Additionally, you should apply it on the furthest part of the room and spread it evenly to ensure a uniform finish.
This task should be performed quickly to prevent the mixture from hardening prematurely and leaving marks on the floor. To prevent bubbles from appearing on the surface, it is important to use a short hair roller and a deaerator.
Once the resin has been applied, it should be allowed to dry. The drying time can vary depending on the temperature and humidity of the environment, but it usually takes about 36 hours. It is recommended not to step on the floor during this time to avoid damaging the surface.
Once the floor is dry, it is advisable to wait at least one week before subjecting it to intensive use to ensure that the resin is completely hardened. During this time, the floor should be kept at a constant temperature and contact with water and other liquids should be avoided.
It is important to note that epoxy resin is very resistant to chemicals, but is vulnerable to prolonged exposure to UV rays from the sun. Therefore, if the epoxy resin floor is in an area with a lot of direct sunlight, it is recommended to use a protective layer with a UV filter to prolong its useful life.
After installing an epoxy resin floor, it is important to carry out proper maintenance to ensure its durability and appearance. For daily cleaning, sweeping and scrubbing with a solution of water and neutral detergent are recommended.
It is important to avoid the use of aggressive chemicals, such as bleach or ammonia, as they can damage the surface of the floor. If a difficult-to-remove stain occurs, a specific cleaner for epoxy resin floors can be used.
It is also important to pay attention to sharp or pointed objects, as they can damage the surface of the floor. If a scratch or crack occurs, it is important to repair it immediately to prevent the damage from worsening.
In conclusion, the installation of an epoxy resin floor requires some experience and technical knowledge to ensure a perfect finish. It is important to follow the correct steps from the preparation of the support to the subsequent maintenance to ensure the maximum durability and resistance of the floor. If these guidelines are followed, one can enjoy a high-quality, modern-looking epoxy resin floor for many years.
As with the vast majority of coatings, the price is not fixed, it will be affected by different variables, such as the epoxy resin system chosen for the floor. Below we will present in a clearer and more schematic way the different factors that can directly influence the budget of an installation of floor with epoxy resin:
If the support where the installation is going to take place presents irregularities or is damaged, this must be repaired, which will imply a higher cost for the installation. Cracks, drops, old material in poor conditions... These are different factors that must be attended to and will skyrocket the final price.
It may seem obvious, but covering a small office is not the same as a large warehouse. The larger the m2, the higher the cost as more product will have to be used.
The utensils and tools that need to be used in the procedure will also raise the price.
Quality pays and if you decide to count on a product that guarantees you more reliable top-quality results, the price will be affected upwards.
In the end, it is the applicator who decides the rate they will charge for the installation. Each professional manages their own prices and although it is one of the factors least taken into account, it usually is one of the most significant on the final cost.
Its ease of cleaning and maintenance makes it a very grateful material. With minimum effort, epoxy resin floors will look clean and shiny, provided that a series of guidelines are taken into account:
The use of abrasive detergents, solvents or similar products directly affect the condition of the floor. Its cleaning is easier than all that, simply with the use of neutral soap you get an effective maintenance that doesn’t damage or discolors the surface.
An aspect to consider is the drying process. The pavement must be rinsed with plenty of water and then dried with a vacuum cleaner, as leaving it to dry outdoors will generate whitish rings on the material.
The cleaning should be of low intensity, as excessive pressure can damage the support. One of the best options is the use of water vacuum cleaners or scrubbers for industrial environments, guaranteeing good final results.
If cleaning is going to be done in a home, the use of the classic manual mop is enough.
It will temporarily need to be applied with an industrial acrylic wax in order to preserve the material's shine, as well as protect it from scratches and stains.